Quantitative immunohistochemistry failed to recognize human fibres with antigenic characteristics corresponding to hybrid IIXB MyHC-based fibres. Ca2+-stimulated maximum myosin ATPase activity, determined by quantitative histochemistry, revealed that human IIX fibres (with an optical density or OD = 0.707) display enzyme activity which is comparable to that of the rat type IIX (OD = 0.687) but lower than that of the rat type IIB fibres (OD = 0.836). The results do not support the notion that MyHC IIB is expressed in human limb muscles, even in hybrid fibres. We conclude that human type II fibres have been misclassified in numerous previous publications and that this has important implications in attempts to compare the physiological characteristics of fibre types, particularly when animal models are used.
Collaborative research between the Departments of Professor Anthony J Sargeant and Professor Geoffrey Goldspink.
Comparison of the molecular, antigenic and ATPase determinants of fast myosin heavy chains in rat and human: a single-fibre study
Pflugers Arch. 1997 Dec;435(1):151-63